swimming pool association


Virginia Graeme Baker Pool & Spa Safety Act (VGB Act)

  1. Read Title XIV Pool and Spa Safety Act
  2. Florida’s requirements are more limiting with 64E-9.  Gravity drainage system installation is required.

Suction Entrapment Prevention brochures are available from FSPA. These consumer brochures are great for companies to give out. Call the office (866) 930-FSPA or download the order form.

Compliance with federal Virginia Graeme Baker Pool & Spa Safety Act (VGB Act)

By Jennifer Hatfield, FSPA Government Relations Consultant

The information provided in this article is offered for general informational and educational purposes only; it is not offered as and does not constitute legal advice.

To summarize:
The federal VGB Act requires that by December 19, 2008 ALL public pools and spas must have installed a drain cover compliant with the 2007 ASME A112.19.8 standard.  The VGB Act also requires that by December 19, 2008 all public pools and spas with a direct suction single drain install an additional device (SVRS, vent line, gravity feed, automatic shut-off, or drain disablement).  Approved covers and other devices can be found on the CPSC website.

However, public pools and spas in Florida must also meet the DOH requirements found in 64E-9, F.A.C.  Specifically, these ANSI/APSP-16 (previously 2007 ASME A112.19.8) approved covers must also meet the Florida maximum flow rate of 1.5 fps.  

In Florida, most public pools/spas are gravity drainage; therefore, they meet the second requirement under the VGB Act.  However, there are approximately 7,000 remaining pools/spas that are single drain direct suction.  The DOH will be requiring all direct suction public pools/spas to be retro-fitted to gravity drainage to comply with the gravity drainage requirement per the revisions to 64E-9, F.A.C.

If you have additional questions on compliance with the VGB Act contact Jennifer Hatfield at:  Jennifer@floridapoolpro.com


VGB document archives:

Article – Pool and Spa Safety Act Enacted into Law
Pool Safety Prevails as ICC adopts ANSI-7

CPSC changes unblockable ruling (click to read their full statement) – 9/28/11 – The Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) has voted to reverse the definition of an unblockable drain previously given in an interpretive rule.  They decided to change the definition of an unblockable drain to require that the sump (not just the drain cover) measure more than 18 by 23 inches, along with other testing criteria.  If the sump is not unblockable, the drain is not.  Under the VGB Pool & Spa Safety Act, public pools with a single drain that is not unblockable must install one or more additional devices.  The change in definition is retroactive and the deadline for compliance of existing pools is May 28, 2012 unless this is edited after a 60-day public-comment period.

ANSI-7 summary available:
FSPA Members, log in and in the downloads under government relations you will find an ANSI-7 Summary – Basic Compliance Requirements and Suggested Verification Methods.

CPSC Documents:

FL DOH Documents:

Other Documents:

APSP Suction Entrapment Article – in laymen’s terms

Below The Surface the Industry blog

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